BACK

Land management & water supply in the Ancient Greek colony of Pharos

1000 bc  
.500 bc

5th - 6th c. BC: There is evidence of a small Iron Age Illyrian tribal community at Stari Grad on the island of Hvar, dating from this period. 

 

4th c. BC: The Ancient Greek colonists Founded Pharos (modern Stari Grad) as an agrarian colony on the island of Hvar due to the existence of a large plain with many springs and streams. 
 
219 BC: Pharos was conquered by the Romans. During the Roman Era the city was reconstructed with the name “Pharia”. During the roman period, the whole island was criss­crossed with traces of working and leisure facilities, as shown by the excavations of many villas, etc. A lot of cisterns were built in this period in the Stari Grad plain, some of which are still in use. 
 
.0  
.500 ad 5th - 6th c. AD: The first traces of Christianity as shown by of tombs, a baptistery and mosaics. 
.1000 ad Mid 13th c. AD: Hvar was conquered by the Venetians, who maintained almost permanent political control of the island until 1797. 
.1500 ad
19th c. AD: Irrigation works were undertaken on the Stari Grad plain, and a cadastral scheme was drawn up by the Austrian administration of that time. At the end of century, winegrowing was seriously affected by the disease of phylloxera. This led to an abandonment of the agricultural land and an initial wave of rural emigration. 
 
20th c. AD:  The winegrowing villages of the south were partially abandoned. The cadastral structure of the land and paths was conserved, but it was weakened by lack of maintenance. 
.2000 ad
2008: The Strari Grad Plain enters the World Heritage List. The agricultural plain of Stari Grad has remained in continuous use, with the same initial crops being produced, for 2400 years. This bears witness to its permanency and sustainability down the centuries.
 
2013: During research for the HYDRIA project, the problem of locating the ancient rivers appears.