22/03/2017

World Water Day 2017: 5 Things to Know About Water Consumption

An Indian pedestrian walks past a wall adorned with water conservation messages in Mumbai on March 22, 2017, on World Water Day.  Punit Paranjpe —AFP—Getty Images

An Indian pedestrian walks past a wall adorned with water conservation messages in Mumbai on March 22, 2017, on World Water Day.  Punit Paranjpe —AFP—Getty Images

 

Here's five facts about water consumption around the world:

Over 80% of all waste water is not used again

Yes, it sounds a little strange, but recycling water, according to the U.N., could partly help with shortages. The waste water instead goes back into ecosystems which it sometimes pollutes. With the correct treatment and technology, this "waste water" that flows away, could be recycled into "new" water.

70% of water withdrawals are due to agriculture

Agriculture takes up the most water, worldwide. The U.N. said irrigation systems are responsible for most water withdrawals worldwide. That statistic gets worse when countries are not as developed, with irrigation responsible for over 90% of water withdrawal, the U.N. reports. This is particularly problematic as these countries are often those where access to water is already flawed. More efficient methods of farming and of providing crops with water need to be developed and used if the current situation is to be improved.

Leaking taps waste around 5,500 liters of water a year

Dripping taps, according to the British NGO Waterwise, waste a huge amount of water. To try and encourage us all to do our bit, the EPA have helped to run a 'Fix a Leak' week for close to a decade. The organization's Watersense program, said that over 10,000 gallons of water are wasted due to household leaks.

Less than 3% of the world's water is drinkable

And most of that is trapped in Antarctica and the Arctic, National Geographic reports, and therefore inaccessible for humans to use.

Over 20% of freshwater fish species are now endangered or extinct

Freshwater use has a significant impact on the environment. According to the U.N., these species have been hit because of human water consumption. So reducing water waste won't just help reduce bills— it will also do good for nature.

AUTHOR: Zamira Rahim, time.com, Mar 22, 2017,

ACCESS ORIGINAL ARTICLE: http://time.com/4708941/world-water-day-water-consumption/