The late medieval water galleries in Malta (11th to 16th century AD)

5500 bc



The First Neolithic remains found in the Maltese islands date from 5200 BC.  

.5000 bc  
.4500 bc  
.4000 BC




The Megalithic Temples are built in Malta around 3600 BC. 

.3500 BC




.3000 BC  
.2500 BC  
.2000 BC  
.1500 BC  
.1000 BC


Around 1000 BC Phoenicians from Tyre colonise the Maltese islands. 
.500 BC


Around 400 BC the Maltese islands come under the control of Carthage. 


In 218 BC the Maltese islands come under the control of the Romans. 

.500 AD  
.1000 AD


It is estimated that the Perched Aquifer Galleries are built during the late Arab-Norman period, between the 10th and the early 13th century AD. 

.1500 AD
The Maltese islands are ruled by the Knights of the order of St John from 1530 to 1798. 
The aqueduct bringing water to Valletta was constructed by the Grandmaster Wignacourt in the early 17th century.
Between 1800 and 1964 the Maltese islands become part of the British Empire. 
The Ta' Kandja galleries of Malta are in use up until the 1960s. 
Desalination Plants start to be constructed from the late 20th century onwards, after the Maltese Islands become independent from Great Britain and become a Republic. 
In the second half of the 20th century onwards many dams are constructed in valleys mainly aimed at boosting the recharge of the mean-sea-level aquifer.
.2000 AD



Today Malta water supply is mainly dependent on Reverse Osmosis.